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Stand Up Paddle Boards – An Introduction To SUP Board Shapes

There are many different types of stand up paddle board shapes on the market today. stand up paddleboard We will explore the main SUP board shapes and talk about their purpose and performance.

Are you in the market for a Stand Up Paddle board? Have you finally decided to give the new sport a try but still have a few questions about the many different board options? Maybe you have graduating from your first board and looking for a second purpose specific board? Let’s delve into the many shape options available today on the SUP market.

Here are the basic types of stand up paddling that have become popular:

Recreational flat-water Paddling
Paddle Surfing
Flat Water Racing
Downwind Paddling
Touring Paddle Boards
River/Rapid Paddling

All Around SUP shapes

Many stand up paddle boards that cater to the first time or casual paddler will fall into the “All Around” category. All Around shapes can be used for all the above mentioned types of paddling to greater or lesser extents although they are most suitable for Recreational flat-water paddling. An All Around SUP board will usually be around 30″ wide if not wider. Typical lengths for a beginner are 11′ -12′. Lighter riders may be able to start on a 10′ – 10’6″ board. All Around boards usually feature a fairly wide nose and tail as well as considerable overall thickness in the 4 1/2″ to 5″ range. The wide nose, wide tail and considerable length, width and thickness make for a very stable and forgiving board. Stable and forgiving are great characteristics to have in a board while learning the basics of balance, paddling, wave negotiation, wave riding as well as building your overall strength and conditioning. Many All Around shapes will also feature a single center fin configuration.

While some may feel the need to jump right into a performance shape there is a lot of wisdom in starting out on an all around shape and graduating after some time to a more performance tailored shape. Plus once you have graduated you will have a second board to loan to your girlfriend/boyfriend, wife/husband or friends. If you choose wisely you can find a board that will allow you to progress from flat-water basics and will also allow you to paddle surf in waves, test out the flat water racing scene, enjoy an SUP tour and navigate rivers and small rapids. Here is an example of what may be the first “All Around” production board originally aptly named the Jimmy Lewis – All Around although it is now called the “Cruise Control”. Other “All Around” boards available include the Hovie – Grand Sport, Hovie – LCSUP, Coreban – Cruiser, King’s – King Model, Siren Sojourn, SUPatx and SurfCore.

Paddle Surfing Shapes

Stand Up Paddle Surfing has progressed in leaps and bounds as board shapes and riders have pushed the limits of performance. There are multiple styles of SUP surfing that relate to preference and wave size. Some prefer to “rip” and “shred” on a smaller board keeping their feet in relatively the same position on the board, others prefer to “walk” the board from nose to tail in a more traditional although no less skilled manner. Each of these varied styles are generally but not exclusively performed on different board shapes.

When it comes to learning to paddle surf an “All Around” shape is usually a great shape to start on especially in smaller surf. The extra stability will allow you to paddle into the wave with confidence and the length will help your glide as your gain speed to enter the wave. Once on the wave an All Around shape will be very stable under the feet.

While bigger is usually considered better for first time paddlers you might want to consider a smaller board for surfing. You will most likely want a board that is as small as possible while still being stable enough for you to balance on. If you are headed for the surf you might want to borrow a slightly smaller board from a friend if possible and give it a try.

Nose Riders: Similar to an all around shape a nose rider shape meant for paddle surfing will have a fairly wide nose for hanging “five” or “ten” of your toes off the edge. The tail can be a variety of shapes which could include, square, squash, round, or pin tail. A SUP nose riding board specific for surfing will have much narrower tapered rails and it’s nose thickness will be less. The tail will many times be thinner as well to allow it to be buried into the waves during turns. Other maneuvers can include “backward takeoffs” which are performed by paddling the board backwards into the wave and spinning the board around 180 degrees after you catch the wave and “helicopters” with are essentially a 360 degree turn initiated while nose riding. Some examples of great Nose riding SUP shapes are the Jimmy Lewis – Striker, Coreban – Icon, King’s – Knight Model and Siren – Sojourn.

Rippers: SUP boards sometimes referred to as “rippers” are essentially blown up short board shapes that allow the paddle surfer to turn faster, drop-in on steeper waves and negotiate barrels with greater ease. Typical “Ripper” shapes have a pointy nose and pulled-in tail and have a 3 fin “thruster” or 4 fin “Quad” setup. Sizes are typically in the sub 7 foot to 10 foot range. A common size is 9′ to 9’6″. Some great examples of “Ripper SUP” shapes are the Coreban – Performer, Coreban – Nitro, Jimmy Lewis – Mano and Kings – WCT Model.

Big Wave Boards: Big wave boards need to be able to be paddled quickly enough to catch a fast moving wave. Once up to speed a big wave board needs to be able to make the drop and turn at high speeds while keeping it’s rails in contact with the wave. Typical big wave boards will be in the 11′ to 13′ range and be thinner in width than a normal board with very pulled in point nose and a pin tail. Typical fin configuration is the 3 fin “thruster”. An example of a big wave gun SUP is the Jimmy Lewis – Bombora.

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I run across people every week who are looking for ways to earn

I run across people every week who are looking for ways to earn money from home working in freelance writing and editing. Whether online or offline in the real world, https://movingcompanyairdrie.com/ it seems that today’s economy has got people looking outside the box for ways to earn a little extra cash to make ends meets.

The problem or obstacle that most face is their unwillingness to invest anything into their freelance efforts other than time. You see, most folks want to have access to the best freelance writing jobs, but they don’t want to pay to see them. As someone who hires out most of my content creation and editing these days, I have seen both sides.

Think about this: if you are looking for a traditional job, you have to pay for the newspaper that lists current openings right? It’s not like you are offered the paper for free, any more than the employers are able to list their openings without a cost. Both parties pay a fee to be put together. The same goes for decent and honest freelance writing opportunities.

The reason for this is simple: The business that wants your help is willing to pay a service to list their available job. In turn, the service charges you, the freelancer a fee to get a look at, and apply to fulfill the order. The fact that both you and the employer are paying to use the service, helps to increase the level of quality on both sides.

If the business pays to list their freelance cash jobs, you must pay to get access to them. This ensures quality and seriousness all the way around. Remember, anything that is free is taken for granted or taken advantage of.

Trust me when I tell you there are any number of places where I, as a business operator, can go to get low-quality articles written for $1.50 for 500 words. These sites cost me nothing to have access to the writers and post my jobs. The problem is that I get what I pay for and the quality is definitely not top notch.

However, there are also services I use that charge me a fee to list my job, and in return, I expect to get higher quality work accomplished, and I do. If you want to freelance for me, you will have to pay in order to see my job orders as well.

Just remember that anything worth doing is worth investing in, and the same goes for freelancing for extra money.

Al Haneson lists all of his best paying opportunities over at Go Freelance [http://youcangetajob.com/recommends/GoFreelance-jobs].

 

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/1886391

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I run across people every week who are looking for ways to earn

I run across people every week who are looking for ways to earn money from home working in freelance writing and editing. Whether online or offline in the real world, https://bignews.ro/ it seems that today’s economy has got people looking outside the box for ways to earn a little extra cash to make ends meets.

The problem or obstacle that most face is their unwillingness to invest anything into their freelance efforts other than time. You see, most folks want to have access to the best freelance writing jobs, but they don’t want to pay to see them. As someone who hires out most of my content creation and editing these days, I have seen both sides.

Think about this: if you are looking for a traditional job, you have to pay for the newspaper that lists current openings right? It’s not like you are offered the paper for free, any more than the employers are able to list their openings without a cost. Both parties pay a fee to be put together. The same goes for decent and honest freelance writing opportunities.

The reason for this is simple: The business that wants your help is willing to pay a service to list their available job. In turn, the service charges you, the freelancer a fee to get a look at, and apply to fulfill the order. The fact that both you and the employer are paying to use the service, helps to increase the level of quality on both sides.

If the business pays to list their freelance cash jobs, you must pay to get access to them. This ensures quality and seriousness all the way around. Remember, anything that is free is taken for granted or taken advantage of.

Trust me when I tell you there are any number of places where I, as a business operator, can go to get low-quality articles written for $1.50 for 500 words. These sites cost me nothing to have access to the writers and post my jobs. The problem is that I get what I pay for and the quality is definitely not top notch.

However, there are also services I use that charge me a fee to list my job, and in return, I expect to get higher quality work accomplished, and I do. If you want to freelance for me, you will have to pay in order to see my job orders as well.

Just remember that anything worth doing is worth investing in, and the same goes for freelancing for extra money.

Al Haneson lists all of his best paying opportunities over at Go Freelance [http://youcangetajob.com/recommends/GoFreelance-jobs].

 

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/1886391

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I run across people every week who are looking for ways to earn

I run across people every week who are looking for ways to earn money from home working in freelance writing and editing. Whether online or offline in the real world, https://mabella.ro/ it seems that today’s economy has got people looking outside the box for ways to earn a little extra cash to make ends meets.

The problem or obstacle that most face is their unwillingness to invest anything into their freelance efforts other than time. You see, most folks want to have access to the best freelance writing jobs, but they don’t want to pay to see them. As someone who hires out most of my content creation and editing these days, I have seen both sides.

Think about this: if you are looking for a traditional job, you have to pay for the newspaper that lists current openings right? It’s not like you are offered the paper for free, any more than the employers are able to list their openings without a cost. Both parties pay a fee to be put together. The same goes for decent and honest freelance writing opportunities.

The reason for this is simple: The business that wants your help is willing to pay a service to list their available job. In turn, the service charges you, the freelancer a fee to get a look at, and apply to fulfill the order. The fact that both you and the employer are paying to use the service, helps to increase the level of quality on both sides.

If the business pays to list their freelance cash jobs, you must pay to get access to them. This ensures quality and seriousness all the way around. Remember, anything that is free is taken for granted or taken advantage of.

Trust me when I tell you there are any number of places where I, as a business operator, can go to get low-quality articles written for $1.50 for 500 words. These sites cost me nothing to have access to the writers and post my jobs. The problem is that I get what I pay for and the quality is definitely not top notch.

However, there are also services I use that charge me a fee to list my job, and in return, I expect to get higher quality work accomplished, and I do. If you want to freelance for me, you will have to pay in order to see my job orders as well.

Just remember that anything worth doing is worth investing in, and the same goes for freelancing for extra money.

Al Haneson lists all of his best paying opportunities over at Go Freelance [http://youcangetajob.com/recommends/GoFreelance-jobs].

 

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/1886391

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Motorhome Hire

Motorhomes for hire come in all shapes, sizes and prices. The trick is to find a motorhome to suit your requirements and budget. Smaller vans are easier to handle, but larger vans offer more comfort. If it’s your first time, I suggest you go for the largest van that you feel happy to drive, within your budget. There are a few styles of motorhome to choose from.

A hightop is basically a van conversion with a specially made high fixed roof. These come in various lengths, short, medium and long. These sizes refer to the wheelbase, motorhome hire which is the distance between the front and rear axle. Motohomes with a medium wheelbase are popular hire choices as they are easier to handle than the long wheelbase versions, whilst still offering a good degree of comfort. Some companies also offer motorhome hire with folding roofs. The above types of motorhomes are often referred to as camper vans.

Coachbuilt motorhomes (C class) are generally a lot larger than campers and are more like a house on wheels. Most will have all the comforts of home and often a double bed. Many of the designs have a bed area which sits over the top of the drivers cab. These motorhomes can be expensive to run and hire.

Fuel costs are a definite consideration for many when deciding to hire a motorhome. This problem has been taken on board by the rental companies and manufacturers. Many motorhome hire companies now offer vans with conversions to LPG. This should at least half your fuel costs.

Don’t overstretch your budget on the motorhome hire cost. Part of the enjoyment of the motorhome is being able to visit and enjoy new places. If you are a couple, a medium wheelbase motorhome should provide you with a good overall comfort levels and ease of use.

One thing I should mention is that insurance cover for motorhome hire can be expensive and you should know up front exactly what you are covered for. Take time to review the policy. Remember to comply with most insurance policies you should carry out the daily maintenance tasks on the motorhome as specified by your rental agent.

You’ve booked the motorhome hire, now what.

Well it really depends on what type of holiday you are looking for. If you are using the motorhome as a base to visit new places then to get the most out of your hire, it’s always a good idea to plan your route in advance. This means that you will know each day where you are going and don’t waste any time deciding where to go while on your holiday. Of course for some, there will be no route and hiring a motorhome is all about the open road with a new adventure each day.

Stephen Thomas is a developer and writer for a number of online travel websites, including the UK Away Travel Directory where you can find a comprehensive list of motorhome and camper van hire [http://www.ukaway.co.uk/motorhome-hire/] companies.

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Paris Hilton!

Title:
Paris Hilton!

Word Count:
466windshield replacement phoenix cash back

Summary:
Paris Whitney Hilton or Paris Hilton was born on the 17th of February 1981 to Kathy and Rick Hilton. The famous granddaughter of the renowned Conrad Hilton – founder Hilton Hotels, she was born with a silver spoon. With a strong ambition to make an impact on her own she has been successful in all her ventures and has a successful career to boast of.

Keywords:
Paris Hilton

Article Body:
Paris Whitney Hilton or Paris Hilton was born on the 17th of February 1981 to Kathy and Rick Hilton. The famous granddaughter of the renowned Conrad Hilton – founder Hilton Hotels, she was born with a silver spoon. With a strong ambition to make an impact on her own she has been successful in all her ventures and has a successful career to boast of.

With dreams that were very different from being heir to the Hilton group, Paris could not be held back by the traditional ideas of a career and after high school she went on to make a jumpstart with a modelling career. At the age of 19 being the face for many of the big brands, success was soon hers.

A multi – faceted personality, Paris Hilton was not contented with modelling alone and splurged into the movie world. Paris Hilton has successfully dabbled her many careers from being a model, actress, and singer to a businesswoman. Her films include Wishman (1991), Sweetie pie (2000), House of Wax (2005), The Hottie and the Nottie (2006) to name a few. From small roles to being the main lead, Paris Hilton has made her mark in the movie world.

Turning to a career in music, Paris Hilton has recorded and released several singles.
Her music titles (singles) include Turn it Up, Stars are Blind to name a few. The year 2006 saw the release of her self-titled album “Paris”. She has to her credit a perfume and jewellery line too and has proved her credentials as a businesswoman.

A style statement, her extravagant and ostentatious lifestyle has continued to keep her in the news and a favourite with the papparazi. With many of her high profile relationships, Paris has been the talk of the town.

The site provides an insight into Paris Hilton’s life- her biography, discography and filmography. The site also has some spectacular wallpaper of different sizes that are downloadable. Paris Hilton is a treasure house of downloadable wallpapers of celebrities. A great place for fans to get some great pictures of Paris Hilton.

Paris Hilton – the actress, singer, model, socialite has made a niche for herself and is known for living life on her terms absolutely the way she desires. The heiress to the million dollar fortune of the Hilton group, Paris has made the headlines several times what with her sex video scandal and media hyped relationships.

A beauty Paris Hilton is known for the lifestyle. She continues to have a huge fan following and rule the hearts of many across the world. Visit for some beautiful pictures of Paris Hilton and to know all you wanted about your star.

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Open House Party Planning

Title:
Open House Party Planning

Word Count:
388Top ten

Summary:
A non-traditonal party is an open house. It is very similar to traditional party, but there are some differences. Most importantly, an open house offers your guests greater convenience. Because open houses longer than traditional parties, your guests have a larger window of opportunity to visit you. Normally, open houses are scheduled earlier in the day than many parties. Open houses are usually daytime affairs.

Open houses require the same amount of planning as traditiona…

Keywords:
party, party planning, party favors, party favor ideas

Article Body:
A non-traditonal party is an open house. It is very similar to traditional party, but there are some differences. Most importantly, an open house offers your guests greater convenience. Because open houses longer than traditional parties, your guests have a larger window of opportunity to visit you. Normally, open houses are scheduled earlier in the day than many parties. Open houses are usually daytime affairs.

Open houses require the same amount of planning as traditional parties. Because they are longer affairs, they are usually less structured. The longer schedule allows your guests to come and go more freely.

Open houses are great neighborhood parties. The less formal style fits perfectly this kind of event. It gives people living on the same street interact freely without worrying about a schedule. Your neighbors can drop by for a few minutes or several hours. It is up to them how long they stay. Your guests can arrive at different times throughout the day.

An open house allows you to have a party without having to manage its progression much. It is normally an informal event that requires no structure. You simply dedicate a certain amount of time for the open house that allows your guests to come and go whenever they please. Because there are usually no activities to plan you don’t have to worry about a schedule. Due to the more relaxed atmosphere, you may have more time to socialize.

Keep in mind that open house parties are longer than traditional parties. Therefore, the food you serve should hold up for the entire duration of the party. The foods your serve should not spoil easily. Make sure you have enough extra food to accommodate unexpected guests. Some of your guests may bring additional people, so be prepared to fee a couple of extra guests. Appetizers and various finger foods are great for open houses.

Because open houses are long affairs, you need to have a lot of energy to keep the party going all day. You should try to delegate as much as you can to help you with the workload. Welcoming guests throughout the day can be exhausting, so save your energy.

Final tip: Make sure your guests understand that they are invited to an open house and inform them of the duration of the party in advance.

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Office Chair

Title:
Office Chair

Word Count:
536

Summary:
An office chair is a type of furniture that is designed to help employees sit in a single location for extended periods of time. Many office chairs can swivel, and this will allow the workers to reach different places without having to get up.
quality stone

Keywords:
office chair, home office, home business

Article Body:
An office chair is a type of furniture that is designed to help employees sit in a single location for extended periods of time. Many office chairs can swivel, and this will allow the workers to reach different places without having to get up. The seat of these chairs will conform to the shape of those who sit in it, and they will often have armrests and backing to support the spines of those who sit in them. The goal of an office chair was to make the worker feel comfortable so that they could concentrate on performing various tasks. Because of the environment, the chairs that were used by executives differed from the employees.

Traditionally, office chairs that were designed for executives did not have the ability to swivel, and this showed that the executive had no need to move into multiple places, and could reside in a single position. Over time, the executive office chair became large, and many of them also featured closed arms, and are made with luxurious materials. Most executives today have office chairs that are large and elaborate. While office chairs were first designed in the 19th century, it wasn’t until the 1970s when ergonomics was used in their design.

Because those sitting in chairs for extended periods of time would experience back pain, an emphasis was placed on designing chairs that would be as comfortable as possible, and would prevent those sitting in them from getting stress injuries. This led to office chairs that were adjustable in many ways. A person of a different height or size could adjust the chair in a way that fits them. The best contemporary office chairs can be adjusted to fit a person of virtually any size. Despite this, sitting down in any chair for extended periods of time will bring stress to the back. Even those who sit in the best chairs will want to get up and move around once every 30 minutes.

People who spend lots of time sitting in an office will want to make sure they purchase the correct chair. While being cheap with other forms of office furniture is generally not a problem, you should want to invest money in a good chair that will bring comfort to your back. Using office chairs which are ergonomic can help you avoid back problems. The best office chairs are those which offer support to your lower back. There are hundreds of office chairs available on the market, and no one chair is considered to be the best, even if it is the most expensive. In addition to back support, a good office chair should have an excellent amount of depth. The standard depth for office chairs is a maximum of 20 inches.

The height of the seat is also important. For most people a height about 16 to 20 inches is usually sufficient. This is a height which should allow you to rest both of your feet flat on the floor. It is also important for office chairs to support your lower back, because chairs that don’t support the lower backs of those who site in them will cause them to slouch, and this will add even more stress to their lower backs.

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Nature Switch

Title:
Nature Switch

Word Count:
1810
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Summary:
A BROAD OVERVIEW OF BUSINESS: Kakatiya Energy Systems Private Limited (KESPL) develops, manufactures and distributes lighting controls in India and Middle East. These are based on electronic hardware and software with the aim of providing twin functions of automatic switching and automatic dimming of outdoor lamps. KESPL wishes to be a global player in this segment in the near future based on its patented products. The company has already completed the design of a new concept based product range and has proven the products in the actual field conditions for their functioning and robustness. The company has frozen the designs and has consolidated the production processes and quality control systems. Keeping in view the global potential the company wishes to implement the growth phase project now at an investment of Rs. 1650 lakhs.visit our website www.natureswitch.com

Keywords:
Energy Conservation,Power Saving,Energy SavingStreet Light Control,Glow Sign Control,Light Box Control,Neon Sign Control,Hoarding Light Control,Campus Lighting Control,Aol Automation,Tower Lighting Control,Solar Street Light Control,Energy Conservation,Lighting Automation,Lighting Control,Energy Saving,Power Saving,Timer,Photosensor,Dusk To Dawn Control,Twlight Switch,Infrared Sensing,Outdoor Lighting.

Article Body:
Energy Conservation is a societal need:

The human progress through ages is throwing the challenges of saving nature from the ill effects of uncontrolled growth. Global warming, environmental pollution, light pollution, over Illuminance, etc. have become the signals of the impending danger in the times ahead to nature and human life. Energy conservation has emerged as a major area of focus towards conserving nature.

Recognising this need and responsibility Kakatiya Energy Systems has pioneered in evolving effective lighting control solutions which contribute to energy saving in all the areas of outdoor lighting. Kakatiya Energy Systems offers solutions for automatic switching and automatic dimming of outdoor lamps to meet the objectives of power saving and to avoid all wastages involved in outdoor lighting usage.

Energy saving potential in outdoor lighting:

Outdoor lighting comprises of various lighting installations like street lighting, hoarding lighting, glow sign lighting, light box lighting, architectural lighting, land-scape lighting, front lit board lighting, back lit board lighting, park lighting, area lighting, yard lighting, campus lighting etc. The energy wastages in all these areas is primarily caused due to errors in manual switching or use of technologies which are not refined. Over Illuminance is another form of energy wastage which needs to be avoided through proper automation.

The potential savings through automation vary among various applications and the energy conservation will be highest if we can effectively replace manual switching in areas characterised by access problems or inefficiency. The examples include remote areas or public lighting. The energy wastages in these areas due to late switching OFF or early switching ON could be even upto a few hours each day. This provides a scope for power saving by adopting automatic switching systems to ensure objectivity in switching.

Another example for energy conservation is to opt for part night operation of certain lighting systems like Signage, Hoarding, Yard lighting etc. which need not be switched ON for the entire night. Another major area offering intensive energy conservation is reducing the light pollution in outdoor areas by opting for late night dimming.

We have solutions for all the above needs and please see the products page for details.

General info on Energy Conservation
Energy conservation is the practice of decreasing the quantity of energy used while achieving a similar outcome. This practice may result in increase of financial capital, environmental value, national security, personal security, and human comfort. Individuals and organizations that are direct consumers of energy may want to conserve energy in order to reduce energy costs and promote economic, political and environmental sustainability. Industrial and commercial users may want to increase efficiency and thus maximize profit.

On a larger scale, energy conservation is an important element of energy policy. In general, energy conservation reduces the energy consumption and energy demand per capita, and thus offsets the growth in energy supply needed to keep up with population growth. This reduces the rise in energy costs, and can reduce the need for new power plants, and energy imports. The reduced energy demand can provide more flexibility in choosing the most preferred methods of energy production.

By reducing emissions, energy conservation is an important part of lessening climate change. Energy conservation facilitates the replacement of non-renewable resources with renewable energy. Energy conservation is often the most economical solution to energy shortages, and is a more environmentally benign alternative to increased energy production.

Lighting includes both artificial light sources such as lamps and natural illumination of interiors from daylight. Lighting represents a major component of energy consumption, accounting for a significant part of all energy consumed worldwide. Artificial lighting is provided today by electric lights, but previously by gas lighting, candles or oil lamps. Proper lighting can enhance task performance or aesthetics, while there can be energy wastage and adverse health effects of lighting. Indoor lighting is a form of fixture or furnishing, and a key part of interior design. Lighting can also be an intrinsic component of landscaping.

Artificial lighting consumes a significant part of all electrical energy consumed worldwide. In homes and offices from 20 to 50 percent of total energy consumed is due to lighting (Hawkin, 2000). Most importantly, for some buildings over 90 percent of lighting energy consumed can be an unnecessary expense through over-illumination (Hawken, 2000). Thus lighting represents a critical component of energy use today, especially in large office buildings where there are many alternatives for energy utilization in lighting. There are several strategies available to minimize energy requirements in any building:

* Specification of illumination requirements for each given use area.
* Design of time of day use that does not expend unnecessary energy.
* Selection of fixture and lamp types that reflect best available technology for energy conservation.
* Training of building occupants to utilize lighting equipment in most efficient manner.
* Maintenance of lighting systems to minimize energy wastage.

The commercial sector consists of retail stores, offices (business and government), restaurants, schools and other workplaces. Energy in this sector has the same basic end uses as the residential sector, in slightly different proportions. Space conditioning is again the single biggest consumption area, but it represents only about 30% of the energy use of commercial buildings. Lighting, at 25%, plays a much larger role than it does in the residential sector.[5] Lighting is also generally the most wasteful component of commercial use. A number of case studies indicate that more efficient lighting and elimination of over-illumination can reduce lighting energy by approximately fifty percent in many commercial buildings.

Commercial buildings can greatly increase energy efficiency by thoughtful design, with today’s building stock being very poor examples of the potential of systematic energy efficient design Commercial buildings often have professional management, allowing centralized control and coordination of energy conservation efforts.controlled Building automation system guarantees energy efficiency.

Recent advances include use of occupancy sensors to turn off lights when spaces are unoccupied, and photosensors to dim or turn off electric lighting when natural light is available. In air conditioning systems, overall equipment efficiencies have increased as energy codes and consumer information have begun to emphasise year round performance rather than just efficiency ratings at maximum output. Controllers that automatically vary the speeds of fans, pumps, and compressors have radically improved part-load performance of those devices. For space or water heating, electric heat pumps consume roughly half the energy required by electric resistance heaters. Natural gas heating efficiencies have improved through use of condensing furnaces and boilers, in which the water vapor in the flue gas is cooled to liquid form before it is discharged, allowing the heat of condensation to be used.

A BROAD OVERVIEW OF BUSINESS: Kakatiya Energy Systems Private Limited (KESPL) develops, manufactures and distributes lighting controls in India and Middle East. These are based on electronic hardware and software with the aim of providing twin functions of automatic switching and automatic dimming of outdoor lamps. KESPL wishes to be a global player in this segment in the near future based on its patented products. The company has already completed the design of a new concept based product range and has proven the products in the actual field conditions for their functioning and robustness. The company has frozen the designs and has consolidated the production processes and quality control systems. Keeping in view the global potential the company wishes to implement the growth phase project now at an investment of Rs. 1650 lakhs.

COMPANY HISTORY: KESPL incorporated in the year 1999 has taken up the task of development of Lighting controls for energy conservation. The company has successfully developed the products and has developed many customers including OEM users like BAJAJ ELECTRICALS LTD, CROMPTON GREAVES LTD. It has also received product acceptance from PHILIPS ELECTRONICS INDIA Ltd and C& S GEWISS INDIA Pvt Ltd apart from many dealers and end users in the country. The company has received an award from FAPCCI under the category of “Best new product commercialized by an SSI for the first time from the state of Andhra Pradesh”. KESPL has received the patent rights under the title of “A DEVICE FOR AUTOMATIC SWITCHING AND/OR DIMMING OF LAMPS AT A PREDETREMINED AMBIENT LIGHT: vide the INDIAN PATENT Number 198710 granted on 6th April 2006. The company has already obtained the registration of the Product designs vide Design No. 179810 and the company has also obtained the trade mark registration for the product name NATURE SWITCH vide Trade Mark No. 1322680 in class 12.

PRODUCT SUMMARY: The product NATURE SWITCH and its variants are to automatically switch ON and switch OFF all the categories of outdoor lamps like street lamps, Aviation obstruction lamp mounted on towers, Back lit Glow sign lighting, Front lit hoarding light, public lighting like parks, monumental lighting, façade lighting, factory campus lighting, path way lighting systems etc.
THE PRODUCT OFFERING: Kakatiya Energy Systems Private Limited has offered NATURE SWITCH range to meet this serious need by way of a very advanced hybrid solution based on a state of the art infrared sensing and micro controller based processing and protective device for the complete satisfaction of the user segments. The automatic switching products can save about 10-15% of energy in outdoor lighting by ensuring an objective switching.
KESPL has also sensed a serious need among many users for late night dimming of High Intensity Discharge (HID) lamps for intensified energy conservation and the product MAGIC BOX was offered as a robust solution to meet the needs of many public bodies for late night dimming of HID lamps using the concept of bi-level dimming. The dimming product can save about 20-25% of energy in HID lighting by ensuring late night dimming. This is in tune with the expectations of many user organizations. The product was tested and approved for OEM use by the major lighting companies in India. The company’s products for switching and dimming are universal for use any where in the world.

UNIQUENESS OF PRODUCTS: The products are based on unique concepts of infrared sensing and duration based timing to offer a holistic and a robust product to the field. The company’s product comes with an IP65 rated enclosure and they offer a hybrid operation of a sensor based switching and an option of duration based timing for the convenience and ease of the user. The product range for automatic switching are suitable to a variety of outdoor lamps and offer a user selectable option for part night or full night operation. They also offer protective functions like automatic over voltage sense, trip and auto reset. The products come with all the needed memory back up using a rechargeable battery for an uninterrupted service over years. The products were designed keeping in view the need to offer a universal product valid for use any where in the world. The products are designed to be highly cost effective for their function and they are quite compact and are based on state of the art technology in terms of enclosure/ inner processing using a digital microcontroller.

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Mines Reopen as Coal Takes Lead in Energy

Title:
Mines Reopen as Coal Takes Lead in Energy

Word Count:
330

Summary:
In the mid-1990s, coal was not king, but today, it may be taking back its throne. Back then, natural gas was at center stage as the preferred energy source of environmentally conscious Americans everywhere.

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Keywords:
Mines Reopen as Coal Takes Lead in Energy

Article Body:
In the mid-1990s, coal was not king, but today, it may be taking back its throne. Back then, natural gas was at center stage as the preferred energy source of environmentally conscious Americans everywhere.

But in 1998, a slight, yet significant, change occurred. According to a U.S. Department of Energy study, “The trend towards reduced levels of consumer coal stocks was reversed.” This change coupled with continuing low prices for coal brought it back to the forefront, revitalizing the coal industry to this day.

For example, more than half of America’s electricity is now generated from coal. Coal mines that had been shut down in the 1990s are reopening, and former workers are going back to the mines and getting back to work.

America has a lot of coal to be mined. With 274 billion tons of recoverable reserves, coal is 39 times more abundant than natural gas and 54 times more abundant than oil.

Coal is also becoming safer for the environment. Because of efforts by the coal-based electricity industry, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide emissions have dropped.

The most recent study on these emissions shows that between 1980 and 2001, the sulfur dioxide emission rate dropped 38 percent, and the nitrogen oxide emission rate dropped 32 percent.

The largest source of electricity in the United States, electricity from coal is crucial to America’s energy present and future. Quest Minerals and Mining Corp. (OTC BB: QMMG.OB), is playing a major role in the future of the coal industry. Quest acquires and reopens properties in the southeastern United States that produce coal in compliance with Clean Air Act requirements.

Quest recently announced that it has signed and closed its acquisition of Gwenco Inc., through which it gains more than 700 acres of coal leases with almost 13 million tons of coal in place in six seams. Quest plans to reopen two of Gwenco’s former drift mines and begin commercial coal production. Coal produced at these mines will be sold to public utility companies in Kentucky and Ohio.